In 3% of the women studied, an Essure implant perforated the fallopian tube. Surgeons were unable to remove the dislodged device from one participant’s abdominal cavity. Back pain, abdominal pain and painful sexual intercourse were also reported. A second study, in which only 366 of the original 518 subjects could be followed for five years, found that nearly 38% of participants experienced abnormally heavy menstrual periods on a recurring basis. Around 5% suffered from recurrent pelvic pain, while almost 7% experienced painful menstruation on a regular basis.
In addition to the increased risk for stroke and seizures, other neurological problems can occur with long-term cocaine use. 7 , 18 There have been reports of intracerebral hemorrhage , or bleeding within the brain, and balloon-like bulges in the walls of cerebral blood vessels. 7 , 18 Movement disorders, including Parkinson’s disease, may also occur after many years of cocaine use. 7 Generally, studies suggest that a wide range of cognitive functions are impaired with long-term cocaine use—such as sustaining attention, impulse inhibition, memory, making decisions involving rewards or punishments, and performing motor tasks. 14